Chronic treatment with mianserin prevents DOCA-salt hypertension in rats--evidence for the involvement of central 5-HT2 receptors
European Journal of Pharmacology
Andréia L S SilvaAndrew G Ramage
Central 5-HT2A receptors have been implicated in central volume control by activating a central angiotensinergic pathway to cause the release of vasopressin. Interestingly, to induce DOCA-salt hypertension in rats vasopressin release is required. Thus the present experiments were carried out to determine whether continuous blockade of these receptors over 20 days, with the non-selective 5-HT2 receptor antagonist mianserin would prevent the development of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension. Mianserin, given i.c.v. 90 or 60 microg twice daily for 20 days prevented the development of hypertension in conscious rats receiving DOCA-salt but did not affect blood pressure in rats on salt alone. Further, the dose of 30 microg given i.c.v. twice daily had no effect nor did the vehicle, polyethylene glycol (PEG), on the development of the hypertension. Mianserin 90 microg twice daily i.c.v. was also shown to prevent the increase in fluid intake, urinary flow and sodium excretion caused by DOCA-salt treatment. These data indicate that this action of mianserin is not due to an intrinsic hypotensive action but an action which involves interference with the mechanism by which DOCA-salt treatment causes hypertension. Thus the...Continue Reading
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