PMID: 6989496Jan 1, 1980Paper

Chronic vascular disease of the upper extremity: radiologic and clinical features

Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
G S KobiniaH Denck


The major chronic vascular diseases of the upper extremity are (1) subclavian artery occlusions, (2) thoracic outlet syndrome, and (3) angiospastic disease of the hand. Central subclavian artery lesions ease of the hand. Central subclavian artery lesions can have either hemodynamic consequences (subclavian steal syndrome) or, by peripheral embolization, can provoke ischemic symptoms of the hand. Costoclavicular narrowing can cause functional or fixed stenosis of the subclavian artery and can also involve the vein or brachial plexus. Symptoms due to pressure on the brachial plexus are most frequent, but embolization to the peripheral vessels may also occur. Angiospastic disease, the most frequent lesion of upper extremity vessels, comprises three types: Raynaud's disease, in which there are intermittent attacks of coldness and discoloration without evidence of occlusion on the angiogram; asphyxia manus et digitorum in which the attacks are also intermittent but there is morphologic evidence of occlusion; and digitus moriens or mortuus, in which there is a painful, permanent discoloration. All investigations of chronic vascular disease of the upper extremity should begin with arch aortography and then proceed to a selective cathe...Continue Reading


Mar 1, 1977·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·M D Schechter
May 25, 1972·The New England Journal of Medicine·H C Urschel
Jun 1, 1969·Annals of Internal Medicine·P J O'SullivanD O Marsh
Aug 1, 1966·The Surgical Clinics of North America·J F HowellM E DeBakey
Nov 1, 1959·The American Journal of Anatomy·E DE LA TORREI MESCHAN
Jul 1, 1963·The British Journal of Radiology·B STRICKLAND, W URQUHART
Feb 1, 1964·Radiology·L GONZALEZC LEWIS


Related Concepts

Saccular Aneurysm
Upper Arm
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Structure of Axillary Artery
Structure of Axillary Vein
Internal Carotid Artery Diseases
Raynaud Phenomenon
Structure of Subclavian Artery
Subclavian-Carotid Artery Steal Syndrome

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.