PMID: 2438238Jan 1, 1987

CI-922--a novel, potent antiallergic compound--I. Inhibition of mediator release in vitro

International Journal of Immunopharmacology
L J RobichaudR L Adolphson


CI-922 (3,7-dimethoxy-4-phenyl-N-1H-tetrazol-5-yl-4H-furo[3,2-b]-indole- 2-carboxamide, L-arginine salt) is a novel antiallergy compound which inhibits the release of the inflammatory mediators histamine and leukotriene (LT) from stimulated cells. CI-922 showed potent, effective inhibition of antigen-induced mediator release from human basophils and isolated guinea pig lung. The drug inhibited ragweed or housedust-induced histamine release from basophils of allergic human donors (IC50 = 8.6 microM). The antiallergy agents proxicromil (IC50 = 80 microM) and cromolyn (100 microM) were less potent than CI-922 or inactive, respectively. In fragmented lung from actively sensitized guinea pigs, CI-922 (IC50 = 1.5 microM), blocked the antigen-induced production of LT and was a more potent inhibitor of histamine release (IC50 = 13.4 microM) than proxicromil (IC50 = 72.9 microM), or cromolyn (inactive at 1 mM). CI-922 (IC50 = 0.9 microM) completely inhibited repeated contractions of guinea pig lung strips that were induced by low antigen concentration in the presence of antihistamine (H1). Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) (IC50 = 2.8 microM), proxicromil (IC50 = 6.2 microM) and the LT antagonist FPL-55712 (IC50 = 3.3 microM) also were f...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

3,7-dimethoxy-4-phenyl-N-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4H-furo-(3,2-b)-indole-2-carboxamide 1-arginate
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