Apr 1, 2020

Convergence and novelty in adaptation to whole genome duplication in three independent polyploids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Stefan CanzarLevi Yant

Abstract

Convergent evolution is observed broadly across the web of life, but the degree of evolutionary constraint during adaptation of core intracellular processes is not known. High constraint has been assumed for conserved processes, such as cell division and DNA repair, but reports of nimble evolutionary shifts in these processes have confounded this expectation. Whole genome duplication (WGD) necessitates the concerted adjustment of a wide range of fundamental intracellular functions but nevertheless has been repeatedly survived in all kingdoms. Given this repeated adaptation to WGD despite obvious intracellular challenges to core processes such as meiosis, we asked: how do lineages not only survive WGD, but sometimes ultimately thrive? Are the solutions employed constrained or diverse? Here we detect genes and processes under selection following WGD in the Cochlearia species complex by performing a scan for selective sweeps following WGD in a large-scale survey of 73 resequenced individuals from 23 populations across Europe. We then contrast our results from two independent WGDs in Arabidopsis arenosa and Cardamine amara. We find that while WGD does require the adaptation of particular functional processes in all three cases, the...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Transcription Initiation Site
Transcription, Genetic
Site
Comparative Genomic Analysis
RNA Splicing
Protein Isoforms
Analysis
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