Cinacalcet for secondary hyperparathyroidism in children with end-stage renal disease.

Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Jutta MuscheitesDieter Haffner

Abstract

The efficacy and acceptability of cinacalcet for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) was assessed in seven pediatric patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) presenting with inadequately controlled SHPT despite conventional management. Patients received daily treatment with cinacalcet (dosage 0.25 mg/kg body weight) for a total of 4 weeks. Within 4 h after application of the first dose, median levels of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) had decreased from 932 pg/ml (range 511-1,938 pg/ml) to 584 pg/ml (88-937 pg/ml), and final pre-dose values after 4 weeks were 199 pg/ml (121-940 pg/ml; each P < 0.05 versus baseline). Median concentrations of serum calcium (Ca) decreased within 4 h of the first administration, from 2.56 mmol/l to 2.38 mmol/l, returning to 2.58 mmol/l at 24 h, and they remained slightly decreased compared to baseline values thereafter (each P < 0.05 versus baseline). Both the median levels of serum phosphorus (P) and the Ca x P ion product decreased significantly during the 4-week period. Cinacalcet was well tolerated and without drug-related adverse effects. Thus, even with approximately half of the dose usually given to adult dialysis patients, PTH and the Ca x P ion product were mark...Continue Reading

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