Circadian rhythms in gastrin receptors in rat fundic stomach

Digestive Diseases and Sciences
N H RubinJ C Thompson

Abstract

Circadian rhythmicity in the number of gastrin receptors in rat fundic mucosa was characterized and was related to the concentrations of gastrin in serum and in antrum. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were acclimated to 12 hr light alternating with 12 hr darkness. Subgroups of six rats each were killed at 4-hr intervals. Fundic mucosa was collected for measurement of gastrin receptors; serum and antral tissues were collected for measurement of gastrin levels by radioimmunoassay. Circadian periodicity in the data was determined by cosinor analyses. In both freely fed and fasted rats, gastrin receptors showed circadian variation (range 2.5-10 fmol/mg protein), as did serum gastrin concentrations (range in fed rats 195-407 pg/ml). The phasing of the intrinsic circadian variation in gastrin receptor level that was observed in the fasted rats was advanced by a few hours in fed rats. This shift is probably due to food-induced gastrin release, resulting in gastrin-mediated down-regulation of gastrin receptors, followed by up-regulation of gastrin receptors. Food-related effects were thus superimposed upon the intrinsic circadian rhythms in gastrin receptor levels, causing the circadian variation in gastrin receptor levels in the fed rats to ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 1, 1989·Life Sciences·R D WaldropJ C Thompson
Aug 1, 1996·British Journal of Pharmacology·E A HarperJ W Black
Sep 1, 1992·Digestive Diseases and Sciences·K LakhooS Hunter
Feb 18, 2010·Sleep Medicine Clinics·Mikhail LitinskiSteven A Shea
Mar 7, 2013·Acta Physiologica·J Pácha, A Sumová
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Sep 22, 2020·Endocrinology·Alexandre MartchenkoPatricia L Brubaker

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Circadian Rhythms
Gastric Fundus
Structure of Pyloric Gland
Gastrin
Radioimmunoassay
August Rats
Receptors, Sincalide
Rats, Laboratory

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