PMID: 12041507Jun 4, 2002Paper

Circulating immunoglobulin-bound transforming growth factor beta at a late tumour-bearing stage impairs antigen-specific responses of CD4+ T cells

Clinical and Experimental Immunology
M HaradaK Nomoto


In order to elucidate the mechanisms by which tumour-specific CD4+ T-cell responses are impaired during tumour development, an attempt was made to identify factors which impair CD4+ T-cell responses at a late tumour-bearing stage. Plasma from mice bearing B16 melanoma for 30 days (plasma d30) showed a more profound immunosuppressive effect on the in vitro proliferation of unrelated antigen-specific CD4+ T cells in the presence of both antigen and antigen-presenting cells (APC) than plasma from naïve mice. The level of plasma transforming growth factor (TGF)- was elevated in mice bearing B16 melanoma for 30 days compared with naïve mice, and the suppressive effect of plasma d30 was partially diminished by the neutralization of TGF-. Interestingly, immunoglobulin (IgG)-bound TGF-, but not IgG-unbound TGF-, in plasma d30 was suggested to be responsible for the immunosuppressive activity. In addition, no suppressive effect of plasma d30 was observed when antigen was added as a class II peptide, thus suggesting that the impaired proliferation of CD4+ T cells in the presence of plasma d30 was due to a dysfunction of antigen uptake/processing by APC. Furthermore, dissociation between IgG and TGF- resulted in a loss of the suppressive ...Continue Reading


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