Aug 17, 2005

Circulating inflammatory markers and risks of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular disease

Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis : JTH
G Lowe


There is current interest in the associations of circulating inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, white cell count, albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, the factor VIII:von Willebrand factor complex, the tissue plasminogen activator:plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 complex, fibrin D-dimer) not only with prognosis in acute coronary syndromes and acute stroke, but also in prediction of cardiovascular events in the general population. Recent meta-analyses of long-term prospective studies have established their associations with coronary heart disease (CHD) events, which may be cause, consequence or coincidence. These markers are also associated in epidemiologic studies of general populations with many cardiovascular risk factors (which may confound their associations with CHD risk), and also with asymptomatic arterial disease (of which they be consequences: 'reverse causality'). The causality of their associations with cardiovascular events is questioned by their lack of specificity for risk of cardiovascular events; and by the lack of association of their functional genotypes with CHD in 'Mendelian randomized trials'. Hence, proof of causality awaits testing in randomized-controlled trials of long-term ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

C-reactive Protein Measurement
Fibrinogen Assay
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Measurement
Cerebral Arterial Diseases
F8 gene
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Acute Cerebrovascular Accidents

Related Feeds

Blood Clotting Disorders

Thrombophilia includes conditions with increased tendency for excessive blood clotting. Blood clotting occurs when the body has insufficient amounts of specialized proteins that make blood clot and stop bleeding. Here is the latest research on blood clotting disorders.

Acute Stroke

A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrients. This feed focuses cerebrovascular accidents including ischemic and paralytic stroke.

Cardiovascular Inflammation

Inflammation plays a significant role in the development of cardiovascular diseases, an understanding of these endogenous processes is critical for evaluating the risks and potential treatment strategies. Discover the latest research on cardiovascular inflammation here.

Cardiovascular Disease Pathophysiology

Cardiovascular disease involves several different processes that contribute to the pathological mechanism, including hyperglycemia, inflammation, atherosclerosis, hypertension and more. Vasculature stability plays a critical role in the development of the disease. Discover the latest research on cardiovascular disease pathophysiology here.