Apr 1, 1990

Circulating iso and auto antibodies to human spermatozoa in infertility

Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
H MohanP Mohan


Blood samples from 50 couples of unexplained primary infertility and 25 healthy fertile couples were tested for antispermatozoa antibodies (ASA) by gelatin agglutination test and sperm immobilising complement dependent cytotoxicity test. The incidence of sperm agglutinating and sperm immobilising antibodies was found to be 14 per cent and 10 per cent respectively in infertile couples. Agglutinating antibodies were detected in 18 per cent males and 16 per cent of females while cytotoxic antibodies were found in 14 per cent males and 10 per cent of females. Only 4 per cent of the normal fertile couples taken as a control group showed positive ASA, hence the difference in incidence of positive ASA between the infertile and fertile couples was found to be statistically significant. Also, the agglutination test was observed to be more sensitive than the cytotoxicity test.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cytotoxicity Assay
Sperm Cell
Spermatozoa Cell Count
Primary Infertility
Y-Chromosome-Bearing Sperm

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