Nov 1, 1989

Circulation of CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells in the peripheral blood of high-dose cyclophosphamide-treated patients: enhancement by intravenous recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

S SienaA M Gianni


We report that hematopoietic progenitor cells expressing the CD34 antigen (CD34+ cells) transiently circulate in the peripheral blood (PB) of cancer patients treated with 7 g/m2 cyclophosphamide (HD-CTX) with or without recombinant human granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (rHuGM-CSF). In adult humans, CD34+ cells represent a minor fraction (1% to 4%) of bone marrow (BM) cells, comprising virtually all hematopoietic colony-forming progenitors in vitro and probably also stem cells capable of restoring hematopoiesis of lethally irradiated hosts. We show that CD34+ cell circulation is fivefold enhanced by rHuGM-CSF 5.5 protein micrograms/kg/day by continuous intravenous infusion for 14 days after HD-CTX. During the third week after HD-CTX (ie, when CD34+ cells peak in the circulation), large-scale collection of PB leukocytes by three to four continuous-flow leukaphereses allows the yield of 2.19 to 2.73 x 10(9) or 0.45 to 0.56 x 10(9) CD34+ cells depending on whether or not patients receive rHuGM-CSF. The number of CD34+ cells retrieved from the circulation by leukaphereses exceeds the number that can be harvested by multiple BM aspirations under general anesthesia. Thus, after therapy with HD-CTX and rHuGM-CSF, PB re...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Antigens, Differentiation
Flow Cytometry
Immunofluorescence Assay
Colony-Stimulating Factors
Colony-Forming Units, Hematopoietic
Peripheral Blood
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor

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