Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the subject of several overlapping schemes of classification in which the subgroups are often poorly defined. New methods of classification have been applied to accommodate new information and new concepts. These are often appropriate only in limited circumstances and may lead to confusion if applied out of context. We will describe the principal schemes used to classify AF and discuss the limitations of each.
Occurrence of atrial fibrillation in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia due to atrioventricular nodal reentry
The Sicilian gambit. A new approach to the classification of antiarrhythmic drugs based on their actions on arrhythmogenic mechanisms. Task Force of the Working Group on Arrhythmias of the European Society of Cardiology
Clinical and echocardiographic features of intermittent atrial fibrillation that predict recurrent atrial fibrillation. Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation (SPAF) Investigators
Studies on atrial arrhythmias in atrial septal defect. The influences of aging on atrial fibrillation
Radiofrequency catheter modification of atrioventricular conduction to control the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation
Quantitative assessment of the spatial organization of atrial fibrillation in the intact human heart
Distribution of atrial electrogram types during atrial fibrillation: effect of rapid atrial pacing and intercaval junction ablation
Simultaneous multisite mapping studies during induced atrial fibrillation in the sterile pericarditis model. Insights into the mechanism of its maintenance
The nature of spontaneous auricular fibrillation in man; with comments on the action of antiarrhythmic drugs
Work-up and management of lone atrial fibrillation: results of the European Heart Rhythm Association Survey
Identification of left atrial fibrosis with a late-enhancement MR sequence (LE-MR): preliminary results
Pretreatment with ACE inhibitors improves acute outcome of electrical cardioversion in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation
Some patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation should carry flecainide or propafenone to self treat
The Registry of the German Competence NETwork on Atrial Fibrillation: patient characteristics and initial management
Effect of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy on clinical outcome in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy associated with atrial fibrillation
Event synchronous adaptive filter based atrial activity estimation in single-lead atrial fibrillation electrocardiograms
Rationale and design of a prospective study of the clinical significance of atrial arrhythmias detected by implanted device diagnostics: the TRENDS study
An epidemiological study on the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in the Chinese population of mainland China
A comparison of rate control and rhythm control in patients with recurrent persistent atrial fibrillation
Efficacy of biphasic shock for transthoracic cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation: can we predict energy requirements?
International consensus on nomenclature and classification of atrial fibrillation: A collaborative project of the Working Group on Arrhythmias and the Working Group of Cardiac Pacing of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology
Evaluation of time course and predicting factors of progression of paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation to permanent atrial fibrillation
2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused updates incorporated into the ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines developed in partnership with the European Society of Cardiology and in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association and the Heart Rhythm Society
Role of the P-wave high frequency energy and duration as noninvasive cardiovascular predictors of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
Gaussian modeling of the P-wave morphology time course applied to anticipate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
Noninvasive mapping reveals recurrent and suddenly changing patterns in atrial fibrillation-a magnetocardiographic study
2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused updates incorporated into the ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines
Spheres of clinical nurse specialist practice influence evidence-based care for patients with atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation management: a prospective survey in ESC member countries: the Euro Heart Survey on Atrial Fibrillation
ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation-executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 2001 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation)
Morphological variability of the P-wave for premature envision of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation events
The 4S-AF Scheme (Stroke Risk; Symptoms; Severity of Burden; Substrate): A Novel Approach to In-Depth Characterization (Rather than Classification) of Atrial Fibrillation.
Temporal pattern/episode duration-based classification of atrial fibrillation as paroxysmal vs. persistent: is it time to develop a more integrated prognostic score to optimize management?
Association between elevated blood glucose level and non-valvular atrial fibrillation: a report from the Guangzhou heart study
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