Jan 1, 1989

Clear cell ependymoma. A histological variant with diagnostic implications

Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological Anatomy and Histopathology
N KawanoS Yagishita


Four cystic brain tumours, one from the frontal lobe, one in the third ventricle and two in the cerebellum, were studied histologically including immunostaining and electron microscopy. Anatomically, all the tumours were located within or adjacent to the ventricular system. By light microscopy, the tumours had a largely honeycomb pattern and were made up of clear cells. Some of the clear cells showed positive for GFAP. Leu 7, Factor VIII and NSE were negative. Electron microscopy of the areas with clear cells revealed densely packed polyhedral cells with clear cytoplasm. They had well developed intercellular junctions, microvilli and some cilia which confirmed their ependymal derivation. Perivascular pseudorosettes or papillary features were only seen in limited areas, where GFAP was strongly positive in the tumour cell processes. As these tumours mimic oligodendroglioma and cerebellar haemangioblastoma, they are called as "clear cell ependymoma" to obviate such errors in diagnosis.

  • References15
  • Citations30


  • References15
  • Citations30


Mentioned in this Paper

Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
CD57 Antigens
Factor VIII Procoagulant Activity
Electron Microscopy
Cerebellar Neoplasms, Primary
Papillary Ependymoma
Differentiation Antigens, Hairy Cell Leukemia
Brain Tumor, Recurrent

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.