Sep 19, 2019

Click-Particle Display for Base-Modified Aptamer Discovery

ACS Chemical Biology
Chelsea K. L. GordonH Tom Soh


Base-modified aptamers that incorporate non-natural chemical moieties can achieve greatly improved affinity and specificity relative to natural DNA or RNA aptamers. However, conventional methods for generating base-modified aptamers require considerable expertise and resources. In this work, we have accelerated and generalized the process of generating base-modified aptamers by combining a click-chemistry strategy with a fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)-based screening methodology that measures the affinity and specificity of individual aptamers at a throughput of ∼107 per hour. Our "click-particle display (PD)" strategy offers many advantages. First, almost any chemical modification can be introduced with a commercially available polymerase. Second, click-PD can screen vast numbers of individual aptamers on the basis of quantitative on- and off-target binding measurements to simultaneously achieve high affinity and specificity. Finally, the increasing availability of FACS instrumentation in academia and industry allows for easy adoption of click-PD in a broader scientific community. Using click-PD, we generated a boronic acid-modified aptamer with ∼1 μM affinity for epinephrine, a target for which no aptamer has been...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

RNA Aptamers
Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting
Active Moiety
Programmed Cell Death Protein 1
Binding (Molecular Function)
Screening Generic
Display Name

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