Climate regulation of fire emissions and deforestation in equatorial Asia.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
G R van der WerfR S DeFries

Abstract

Drainage of peatlands and deforestation have led to large-scale fires in equatorial Asia, affecting regional air quality and global concentrations of greenhouse gases. Here we used several sources of satellite data with biogeochemical and atmospheric modeling to better understand and constrain fire emissions from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea during 2000-2006. We found that average fire emissions from this region [128 +/- 51 (1sigma) Tg carbon (C) year(-1), T = 10(12)] were comparable to fossil fuel emissions. In Borneo, carbon emissions from fires were highly variable, fluxes during the moderate 2006 El Niño more than 30 times greater than those during the 2000 La Niña (and with a 2000-2006 mean of 74 +/- 33 Tg C yr(-1)). Higher rates of forest loss and larger areas of peatland becoming vulnerable to fire in drought years caused a strong nonlinear relation between drought and fire emissions in southern Borneo. Fire emissions from Sumatra showed a positive linear trend, increasing at a rate of 8 Tg C year(-2) (approximately doubling during 2000-2006). These results highlight the importance of including deforestation in future climate agreements. They also imply that land manager responses to expected shifts in tropi...Continue Reading

References

Feb 14, 2004·Science·L M CurranE Kasischke
Sep 27, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·James HansenMartin Medina-Elizade
May 15, 2007·Science·Raymond E GullisonCarlos Nobre

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Mar 2, 2011·Environmental Management·Douglas O FullerErik Meijaard
Jan 1, 2013·Nature Climate Change·Miriam E MarlierGreg Faluvegi
Dec 18, 2010·Science·Iain Colin Prentice
Jun 23, 2012·Science·Nancy L HarrisAlexander Lotsch
Nov 18, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D MurdiyarsoL V Verchot
Nov 9, 2010·Ambio·A J DolmanB Strengers
Nov 27, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Uwe BallhornSuwido Limin
Nov 10, 2010·Ecology·Monica G Turner
Dec 15, 2015·Global Change Biology·Kristina KonecnyFlorian Siegert
Jan 27, 2012·Journal of Biogeography·David M J S BowmanRobert Whittaker
Dec 17, 2014·Environmental Geochemistry and Health·Jingsha XuRajasekhar Balasubramanian
Jul 22, 2014·Global Change Biology·Miriam E MarlierLoretta J Mickley
Mar 10, 2011·Science·Luke Gibson, Navjot S Sodhi
Aug 5, 2014·Environmental Pollution·Hiroshi HayasakaKrishna Vadrevu
Oct 26, 2010·Journal of Environmental Management·J JaenickeF Siegert
Apr 25, 2015·PloS One·Sumalika BiswasChristopher O Justice
Aug 3, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Robert D FieldHelen M Worden
Aug 21, 2016·Journal of Environmental Management·Chun Sheng GohMartin Junginger
Jun 1, 2016·Scientific Reports·V HuijnenM van Weele
Jul 1, 2017·Science·N AndelaJ T Randerson
May 26, 2015·Environmental Health Insights·D J LaryB Sattler
Dec 13, 2017·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kimberly M CarlsonClaire Kremen
Feb 8, 2013·Nature·James T Randerson
May 12, 2020·Global Change Biology·Jeremy Aditya PranantoPeter Grace
Dec 7, 2017·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Logaraj RamakreshnanNik Meriam Sulaiman
Mar 22, 2018·Nature Communications·Masayuki KondoChristian Rödenbeck
Oct 16, 2017·Geophysical Research Letters·Dilshad ShawkiApostolos Voulgarakis
Jun 1, 2020·Global Change Biology·Massimo LupascuRahayu Sukmaria Sukri
Apr 22, 2020·Nature Communications·Yi YinDavid Schimel
Jun 4, 2017·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Yusheng Shi, Tsuneo Matsunaga
Oct 10, 2018·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Narcisa Nechita-BandaThomas Röckmann
Nov 21, 2018·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Elizabeth B WigginsLiya E Yu
Jan 24, 2019·Frontiers in Plant Science·Andrea PolleAntoine Harfouche
Oct 13, 2020·Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems·Yang ChenLesley E Ott
Mar 12, 2021·Global Change Biology·Dave van WeesDouglas C Morton
Apr 4, 2015·Chemical Reviews·Colette L Heald, Dominick V Spracklen

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.