PMID: 6987481Mar 1, 1980Paper

Clinical and metabolic aspects of glucagonoma

Medicine
S B Leichter

Abstract

The features of 41 proven or suspected cases of pancreatic glucagonoma and one possible case of renal glucagonoma have been reviewed. Glucagonoma is one form of islet cell neoplasm and involves pancreatic alpha cells. It may occur more frequently in women and is more likely to be malignant than insulinoma. Patients may present with glucose intolerance, an erythematous, eczematous dermatitis, glossitis, stomatitis, vaginitis and unexplained weight loss. Anemia, hypoproteinemia, hypoaminoacidemia and hypolipidemia may also be present. Malignant glucagonoma metastasizes frequently to liver. An evaluation for possible glucagonoma may be considered in a patient with the characteristic eczematous dermatitis, glossitis or stomatitis and glucose intolerance, an unusual or atypical history of diabetes mellitus, or hepatomegaly with other characteristics of glucagonoma. Initial evaluation may include measurement of fasting plasma glucagon concentration, and an oral glucose tolerance test with measurements of plasma glucose and glucagon levels. Extreme fasting hyperglucagonemia, and a paradoxical rise in plasma glucagon concentrations after glucose ingestion should strongly suggest the presence of glucagonoma. Radiographic demonstration o...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Blood Glucose
Epicholesterol
Dermatitis
Differential Diagnosis
Glucagon
Novolin
Malignant Neoplasm of Liver
Paraneoplastic Endocrine Syndromes
Malignant Neoplasm of Pancreas

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