PMID: 11908470Mar 23, 2002Paper

Clinical and microbiological studies of periodontal disease in Sjögren syndrome patients

Journal of Clinical Periodontology
B KuruS Porter


Little is known about the periodontal status of patients with Sjögren's Syndrome (SS), a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by xerophthalmia and xerostomia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the periodontal status of SS patients, in terms of clinical and microbiological parameters, differs from systemically healthy age- and gender-matched controls. 8 primary SS and 10 secondary SS patients were examined in comparison with 11 control subjects. All patients were diagnosed by the European Community Criteria. Control subjects were systemically healthy and not undergoing periodontal treatment. The comparison of clinical status was made in terms of mean periodontal parameters (plaque index, gingival index, gingival recession, probing pocket depth, probing attachment level and bleeding on probing) as well as the frequency distribution of probing pocket depth and probing attachment level measurements. Microbiological assays of the subgingival dental plaque samples were carried out by both a chairside enzyme test (Periocheck) for the detection of peptidase activity (PA) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for 9 selected periodontal micro-organisms (Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Fu...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Dental Plaque
Dental Plaque Index
Gingival Hemorrhage
Gingival Atrophy
Peptide Hydrolases
Alveolar Pyorrhea
Bleeding on Probing, Gingival
Periodontal Pocket

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