PMID: 6289220Mar 1, 1982Paper

Clinical and pathological studies in adult sheep and goats experimentally infected with Wesselsbron disease virus

The Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
J A Coetzer, A Theodoridis


The clinical symptoms and pathology in 33 adult sheep and 31 adult goats experimentally infected with Wesselsbron disease virus are described. There was moderate to severe hyperthermia in most animals, but no other clinical signs of disease or deaths were recorded. Eleven sheep and 6 goats were sacrificed for pathological studies at various stages during the febrile response. The macroscopic and microscopic lesions in these cases are described. Microscopic studies revealed that the liver was consistently affected and showed small foci of necrosis. These were sparsely distributed and associated with a marked localized Kupffer cell response ("retothelial nodules"). In addition, acidophilic bodies and small groups of necrotic hepatocytes were evident in some lobules. Apart from the hepatic lesions, mild to moderate pyknosis and karyorrhexis of lymphocytes were seen in the spleen and lymph nodes. This report also compares the microscopic lesions in the livers of adult sheep and goats with those of new-born lambs for Wesselsbron disease as well as with those reported for Rift Valley fever in adult sheep.

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