PMID: 7084177Jan 1, 1982Paper

Clinical and radiological aspects of stifle bone cysts in the horse

Equine Veterinary Journal
L B Jeffcott, S E Kold

Abstract

Thirty-three cases with subchondral bone cysts in the stifle are reported. The condition was most commonly seen in young Thoroughbreds and produced intermittent lameness of varying degree. Radiographically distinct areas of radiolucency were found in the distal femur or proximal tibia adjacent to the femorotibial joint. Lesions were usually unilateral but 5 horses had cysts in both stifles. The cases could be divided into 2 distinct groups. Horses in Group A (28 cases) had a large circular or dome-shaped cyst in the medial femoral condyle with a distinct communication with the femorotibial joint. In Group B (5 cases) the cysts were much more variable in shape, size and location. The common sites were the distal femur adjacent to the intercondyloid fossa or the proximal tibia just beneath the tibial spine. No evidence of radiological signs typical of osteochondrosis dissecans were seen in any of the cases. All the horses were treated conservatively with a 6 month rest period out at grass, followed by a gradual return to full training. Fourteen horses were re-examined 4 to 33 months after the initial examination and none of them showed disappearance of the cysts. There was a tendency to increased radiodensity of the cyst in some ...Continue Reading

References

Oct 1, 1979·Equine Veterinary Journal·B Stromberg
Nov 4, 1972·The Veterinary Record·J R Egerton, I R Morgan
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold

Citations

Jan 1, 1991·Neuromuscular Disorders : NMD·B UddH Somer
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Mar 25, 2016·Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians·Christopher BasuKen C Smith
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Jun 18, 2015·Veterinary Pathology·K OlstadC S Carlson
Oct 1, 1983·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B JeffcottF Melsen
Mar 1, 1984·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold
Jan 1, 1982·Equine Veterinary Journal·L B Jeffcott, S E Kold
Jan 1, 1987·Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology·S D Colan
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Dec 31, 2020·Clinical and Translational Medicine·Liang GaoHenning Madry

Related Concepts

Intraosseous Ganglion
Hindlimb
Horse Diseases
Lameness, Animal
Rest
Stifle Joint

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