Clinical assessment of target-controlled infusion of propofol during monitored anesthesia care

Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Andrea CasatiGiorgio Torri


To determine the plasma concentrations of propofol required to achieve different levels of sedation during monitored anesthesia care. Sixty ASA I-II, 18-65 yr-old patients, received a target-controlled continuous iv infusion of propofol. The target plasma concentration of propofol (Cpt) was initially set at 0.4 microg x ml(-1). Two minutes after calculated equilibrium between plasma and effect-site concentrations, the Cpt of propofol was increased by 0.2 microg x ml(-1) steps until the patient showed no reaction to squeezing the trapezius. The level of sedation was assessed immediately before each increase in propofol Cpt using the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) scale. The Cpt of propofol required to induce lethargic response to name was 1.3 microg x ml(-1) (5 degrees and 95 degrees percentiles: 1.0 - 1.8 microg x ml(-1)), to obtain response after loud and repeated calling name was 1.7 microg x ml(-1) (1.2 - 2.2 microg x ml(-1)), to obtain response after prodding or shaking was 2.0 microg x ml(-1) (1.6 - 2.6 microg x ml(-1)), to obtain response after squeezing the trapezius was 2.4 microg x ml(-1) (1.8 - 3.0 microg x ml(-1)). Patients showed no response after squeezing the trapezius at 2.8 microg x ml(-1) (...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Propofol Rovi
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Anesthetics, Intravenous

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