DOI: 10.1101/507012Dec 27, 2018Paper

Clinical diagnosis of TIA or stroke and prognosis in patients with neurological symptoms: a rapid access clinic cohort

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
William WhiteleyMartin Dennis

Abstract

Background The long-term risk of stroke or MI in patients with minor neurological symptoms who are not clinically diagnosed with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke is uncertain. Methods We used data from a rapid access clinic for patients with suspected TIA or minor stroke and follow-up from four overlapping data sources for a diagnosis of ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, myocardial infarction, major haemorrhage and death. We identified patients with and without a clinical diagnosis of TIA or minor stroke. We estimated hazard ratios of stroke, MI and death in early and late time periods. Results 5,997 patients were seen from 2004–2013, who were diagnosed TIA or minor stroke (n=3604, 60%) or with other diagnoses (n=2392, 40%). By 5 years the proportion of patients who had a subsequent ischaemic stroke or MI, in patients with a clinical diagnosis of minor stroke or TIA was 19% [95% confidence interval (CI): 17–20%], and in patients with other diagnoses was 10% (95%CI: 8–15%). Patients with clinical diagnosis of TIA or minor stroke had three times the hazard of stroke or MI compared to patients with other diagnoses (HR 2.83 95%CI:2.13–3.76, adjusted age and sex) by 90 days post-event; however from 90 days to end of ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Transient Ischemic Attack
Cessation of Life
Hemorrhage
Myocardial Infarction
Cerebrovascular Accident
Vascular Diseases
Clinic
Brain Hemorrhage
Ischemic Stroke
Follow-up

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