Clinical evaluation of Pharmacia CAP System RAST FEIA amoxicilloyl and benzylpenicilloyl in patients with penicillin allergy

Allergy
M BlancaC Juarez

Abstract

The diagnosis of IgE-mediated immediate reactions to penicillins can be supported by in vivo or in vitro tests using classical benzylpenicillin determinants. The wide variety of beta-lactams and the description of new specificities requires a re-evaluation of the different tests available. The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of Pharmacia CAP System RAST FEIA amoxicilloyl c6 (AXO) and benzylpenicilloyl c1 (BPO) in patients with a documented IgE-mediated penicillin allergy. We studied 129 patients in five groups. Groups 1, 2, and 3 had developed an immediate reaction after penicillin treatment. Group 1 (n=19) were skin test positive to amoxicillin (AX) and/or BPO and/or minor determinant mixture (MDM); group 2 (n=29) were skin test positive to AX but negative to BPO and MDM; and group 3 (n=26) were skin test negative to all determinants, the diagnosis being confirmed by a previous repetitive history or controlled administration. Two control groups, one with nonimmediate reactions -- group 4 (n=25) -- and one with good tolerance to penicillin -- group 5 (n=30) -- were included. All samples were analyzed in vitro for AXO and BPO, and the results compared to the in vivo diagnosis. AX was the drug most often involve...Continue Reading

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