Sep 1, 1990

Clinical experience with portable cardiopulmonary bypass in cardiac arrest patients

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
R HartzL L Michaelis

Abstract

To evaluate the use of portable cardiopulmonary bypass as a resuscitative tool and its impact on long-term survival of patients in cardiac arrest, we reviewed the results of 32 consecutive patients resuscitated by cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac arrest or severe hemodynamic compromise at Northwestern Memorial Hospital over a 2-year period. Overall survival was 12.5%. Only 1 (3.4%) of the 29 patients who had cardiac arrest survived and left the hospital. All 3 patients who had severe hemodynamic compromise but not cardiac arrest were long-term survivors. Our study suggests that portable cardiopulmonary support systems used as a resuscitative tool do not prolong the survival of most cardiac arrest patients but may be useful for patients with shock due to mechanical causes and for those with profound hemodynamic compromise due to ischemia or myocardial infarction. Portable heart-lung machines can provide patients with excellent hemodynamic support; however, neurological or cardiac recovery is unlikely once cardiac arrest occurs.

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Lung
Myocardial Infarction
Long-Term Survivors
Monitoring, Physiologic
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Lung Diseases
Cardiopulmonary
Hemodynamics
Entire Lung

About this Paper

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