Jul 30, 2019

Clinical genetic features and related survival implications in patients with surgically resected large-cell lung cancer

Cancer Management and Research
Fang WangHai-Yun Wang

Abstract

Background: Large-cell lung carcinomas (LCLCs) were reclassified by the World Health Organization 2015 criteria. and remain fairly unknown at the molecular level and targeted-therapeutic options. Methods: Data of 184 lung cancer patients were retrieved from clinical records, of which 54 were found to be pathologically diagnosed as LCLC. The genetic alterations EGFR/KRAS/BRAF mutations, MET copy number, and exon 14 mutation, ALK and ROS1 rearrangements, and PDL1 expression were investigated using clinical technologies. The relationship between clinicopathologic and genetic features was analyzed, and the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used for analyzing patient survival. Results: Major events, including EGFR, KRAS, and BRAF mutations and MET copy-number gain, were found in 5.6%, 16.7%, 1.9%, and 18.5% in LCLC, respectively. No ALK or ROS1 translocation was detected. PDL1 expression in tumor cells and in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was observed in 24 (44.4%) and 16 (29.6%) patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with a KRAS mutation had ower 5-year overall survival than those with wild-type KRAS (25.4% vs 47.8%, P=0.028) and that patients with negative PDL1 stained in tumor cells but positive for tumor-...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Methionine Measurement
EGFR
Exons
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase
Neoplastic Cell
Technology, Health Care
KRAS
Braf Gene Mutation
World Health Organization
MET protein, human

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