PMID: 37348Jun 1, 1979

Clinical implications of gonadal venography in the management of the non-palpable undescended testis

The Journal of Urology
R M WeissB Lytton


Selective gonadal venography was used on 28 patients with a total of 34 non-palpable undescended testes. The data obtained in this study suggest that 1) an internal spermatic vein with a pampiniform-like plexus indicates the presence of a testis, 2) a blind-ending vein on venography suggests the absence of a testis, 3) an internal spermatic vein or vas deferens may be present without a testis, 4) a testis probably cannot be present without a gonadal vein, 5) a testis may be present without a vas, 6) a blind-ending vas deferens does not necessarily indicate the absence of a testis and 7) a blind-ending vas deferens in a patient in whom a blind-ending gonadal vein is localized to the same region probably indicates the absence of a testis. Gonadal venography may localize a non-palpable undescended testis or suggest testicular agenesis. In addition, gonadal venography has aided in the selection of the operative approach and, in the future, may provide criteria under specific circumstances for determining whether an operation is necessary and, if so, the extent of surgical exploration.


Jun 1, 1976·The Journal of Urology·M Amin, C S Wheeler
Apr 1, 1977·The Journal of Urology·R M WeissB Lytton
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Jul 1, 1975·The Journal of Urology·D C Martin, H R Menck
Mar 1, 1969·Radiology·J B Jacobs
Nov 1, 1970·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·M A RivarolaM Cullen
Jun 1, 1974·The Journal of Urology·L M GoldbergJ W Morrow
Sep 1, 1966·Acta Radiologica: Diagnosis·N E AhlbergA Fritjofsson
Nov 1, 1966·Acta Radiologica: Diagnosis·N E AhlbergN Chidekel
Mar 1, 1961·British Journal of Urology·J P LYTHGOE
May 1, 1961·The British Journal of Surgery·D J TIBBS


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Jan 1, 1988·Microsurgery·S J Silber
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Sep 1, 1987·Andrologia·L N Castilho, U Ferreira
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