[Clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in children].

Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
D R ShagievaR V Magzhanov

Abstract

The neurological symptoms of COVID-19 in children (in Dyurtyuli area, Republic of Bashkortostan) are analyzed and brief review of the literature is undertaken in the paper. 137 children underwent swab test for COVID-19. The disease was diagnosed in 9 of them. Only respiratory symptoms were observed in 3 children, a combination of respiratory with anosmia or/and headache - in 3, asymptomatic form - in another 3. A case of a 7-years old girl suffering from COVID-19 with respiratory symptoms as well as anosmia and headache is presented. According to the review of the literature, COVID - 19 in children is usually milder than in adults, but in some cases may lead to neurological consequences. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome may lead to the development symptoms of encephalopathy (altered mental status, headache) and stroke. Autoimmune complications such as Gillian-Barre syndrome develop simultaneously or after resolving of the infectious process. The development of viral meningoencephalitis in COVID-19 is questionable.

References

Mar 13, 2020·The New England Journal of Medicine·Weiyong LiuYingle Liu
Mar 19, 2020·The New England Journal of Medicine·Xiaoxia LuUNKNOWN Chinese Pediatric Novel Coronavirus Study Team
Jun 27, 2020·Pediatric Neurology·Gary N McAbeeMohamed Gaffoor
Jul 2, 2020·JAMA Neurology·Omar Abdel-MannanYael Hacohen
Jul 13, 2020·Journal of Tropical Pediatrics·Carlos Henrique Michiles FrankMarcus Vinicius Guimarães Lacerda
Oct 22, 2020·Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova·M A Kutlubaev
Apr 13, 2021·Neurology. Clinical Practice·Hyaissa Ippolito BastidasBelén Rivero-Martín

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