PMID: 9458211Feb 11, 1998

Clinical outcome of 149 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis

The Journal of Rheumatology
S BahlasP Davis

Abstract

To assess the clinical outcome of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA). All charts of consecutive patients with a diagnosis of PMR and/or GCA attending a tertiary referral center from June 1989 to February 1996 were reviewed following a predetermined protocol. Subsequently, the majority of patients (90%) were assessed clinically or by telephone interview. Registered variables included demographic data, disease characteristics, prednisone dosage and duration, comorbidities, and clinical outcomes. There were 149 patients (133 with PMR alone, 7 with GCA alone, 9 with both); 94 (63%) were females; the mean age was 68 +/- 9 years, and the mean disease duration from the first symptom to the rheumatology consultation was 13 +/- 12 weeks (1-99). Typical clinical features of PMR were present in patients with PMR. Synovitis was observed in 26 patients. The presenting symptoms for GCA were typical features in 13 patients and blindness in 3 (2%) patients. Mean followup was 3.7 +/- 2 years. Comorbid conditions were present in 71 patients: 12 patients had hypertension, 13 had fractures, 8 diabetes, 29 cataract, 8 major infection, and 37 had other complications. Cancer was diagnosed in 4 patients and 6 pat...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cataract
Remission, Spontaneous
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Polymyalgia Rheumatica
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