Mar 29, 2020

Clinical outcome of severe sepsis and septic shock in critically ill children

Tropical Doctor
Sachin ShahGanesh Shiwarkar


Information concerning the clinical outcome of severe sepsis and septic shock among the burden of tropical infections in children is limited, particularly in low-income settings.  We conducted a prospective consecutive cohort study in all children aged 1 month to 16 years needing paediatric intensive care between 1 January 2017 and 31 December 2018.  Demographic details, presenting symptoms and duration, associated co-morbidity and organ dysfunction were recorded. Clinical and laboratory parameters discriminating between survivors and non-survivors were evaluated.  Most presented with respiratory or central nervous system derangement along with cardiovascular dysfunction. Haematological involvement was almost invariably found on diagnostic evaluation. Those children with ≥3 systems involved had higher odds of mortality. Dengue was seen in half the patients, being the commonest tropical infection. Not surprisingly, non-survivors were younger, had rapid progression of illness and needed ventilation more often within the first hour of admission. However, in multivariable regression analysis, only procalcitonin levels were associated with increased risk of mortality. We conclude that that tropical infections causing severe sepsis a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory System Finding
Hospital Admission
Septic Shock
Intensive Care
Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
Central Nervous System
Critical Illness
Hematology (Discipline)

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