Apr 25, 2019

Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Nintedanib

Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Sven WindClaudia Dallinger

Abstract

Nintedanib is an oral, small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and patients with advanced non-small cell cancer of adenocarcinoma tumour histology. Nintedanib competitively binds to the kinase domains of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF). Studies in healthy volunteers and in patients with advanced cancer have shown that nintedanib has time-independent pharmacokinetic characteristics. Maximum plasma concentrations of nintedanib are reached approximately 2-4 h after oral administration and thereafter decline at least bi-exponentially. Over the investigated dose range of 50-450 mg once daily and 150-300 mg twice daily, nintedanib exposure increases are dose proportional. Nintedanib is metabolised via hydrolytic ester cleavage, resulting in the formation of the free acid moiety that is subsequently glucuronidated and excreted in the faeces. Less than 1% of drug-related radioactivity is eliminated in urine. The terminal elimination half-life of nintedanib is about 10-15 h. Accumulation after repeated twice-daily dosing is negligible. Sex and renal function have no influence on nintedanib phar...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Urine
Cytochrome P450
Inhibitors
Neoplasms
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
Hepatic Impairment
Non-small Cell Carcinoma
Protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor
Pharmacologic Substance

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