Nov 1, 1977

Clinical pharmacologic and therapeutic studies of bleomycin given by continuous infusion

Cancer
I H KrakoffC Lamonte

Abstract

The clinical toxicology, clinical pharmacology, and therapeutic effects of bleomycin given by continuous intravenous infusion were studied in patients with far-advanced unresectable cancer. The toxicity of bleomycin given by that schedule was qualitatively and quantitatively the same as when it was given by daily intravenous "push"; mucocutaneous toxicity occurred regularly after 7-11 days of infusion. Careful monitoring of pulmonary function revealed minor changes in Total Lung Capacity and Pulmonary Diffusion Capacity in nearly all patients; however, overt pulmonary toxicity occurred in only six patients (5%). 111Indium-labeled bleomycin was used to follow blood levels of bleomycin; it correlated well with the levels determined by microbiologic assay and could be measured at levels lower than could be determined by bioassay. Useful therapeutic responses were seen in a variety of tumors; 30% patients with very far-advanced carcinoma of the cervix demonstrated CR or PR, an incidence higher than has been seen with other regimens. Sixty-nine percent of patients with disseminated germ cell neoplasms of the testis, refractory to bleomycin given by conventional dose schedules, have attained partial remission through the continuous i...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations49

References

  • References6
  • Citations49

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Lung
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Testis
Neoplasms
Clinical Pharmacology Discipline
Germ Cell Tumor
Bleomycin
Cancer Remission
Testis
Toxicology

About this Paper

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