Nov 1, 1977

Clinical pharmacologic and therapeutic studies of bleomycin given by continuous infusion

I H KrakoffC Lamonte


The clinical toxicology, clinical pharmacology, and therapeutic effects of bleomycin given by continuous intravenous infusion were studied in patients with far-advanced unresectable cancer. The toxicity of bleomycin given by that schedule was qualitatively and quantitatively the same as when it was given by daily intravenous "push"; mucocutaneous toxicity occurred regularly after 7-11 days of infusion. Careful monitoring of pulmonary function revealed minor changes in Total Lung Capacity and Pulmonary Diffusion Capacity in nearly all patients; however, overt pulmonary toxicity occurred in only six patients (5%). 111Indium-labeled bleomycin was used to follow blood levels of bleomycin; it correlated well with the levels determined by microbiologic assay and could be measured at levels lower than could be determined by bioassay. Useful therapeutic responses were seen in a variety of tumors; 30% patients with very far-advanced carcinoma of the cervix demonstrated CR or PR, an incidence higher than has been seen with other regimens. Sixty-nine percent of patients with disseminated germ cell neoplasms of the testis, refractory to bleomycin given by conventional dose schedules, have attained partial remission through the continuous i...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations49


  • References6
  • Citations49


Mentioned in this Paper

Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Testis
Clinical Pharmacology Discipline
Germ Cell Tumor
Cancer Remission

About this Paper

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