Clinical significance of p53 mutations in newly diagnosed Burkitt's lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report of 48 cases

Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
C PreudhommeB Gosselin

Abstract

To correlate the presence of p53 mutations and initial characteristics, response to chemotherapy, and survival in newly diagnosed Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Burkitt's acute lymphoblastic leukemia (L3 ALL). Forty-eight patients with newly diagnosed BL or L3 ALL, most of whom were treated with very intensive regimens, including early CNS disease treatment, were studied. Detection of p53 mutations was made by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of exons 5 to 8 of the gene, and mutations were determined by direct sequencing of exons with abnormal SSCP findings. Comparison of outcome between mutated and nonmutated cases was made in all patients and also after excluding five patients who received therapeutic regimens considered as suboptimal and one patient who died of AIDS while in complete remission (CR), as those six patients had no p53 mutations. A point mutation was found in nine patients (19%), and consisted of a missense mutation in seven and a chain-terminating mutation in two. SSCP, sequence, and cytogenetic analysis strongly suggested that eight of nine patients with mutations had retained the normal p53 allele, which had been lost in the remaining patient. These findings were confirmed by fluorescence-...Continue Reading

Citations

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