Clinical studies of mucin-producing cholangiocellular carcinoma: a study of 22 histopathology-proven cases

Annals of Surgery
M F ChenT C Chen


We present the clinical features and outcomes of 22 surgically treated and histopathology-proven cases of mucin-producing cholangiocellular carcinoma (MPCCC). Cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) is an uncommon malignancy. Unlike hepatocellular carcinoma, it is difficult to set up a high-risk group, and a specific tumor marker has yet to be found. Chronic liver disease is usually not found to be associated with CCC. Information about patients with MPCCC is limited, and the frequency of MPCCC in all patients with CCC has not been reported. The clinical features of 22 surgically treated and histopathology-proven cases of MPCCC were reviewed, including morbidity, mortality, and follow-up results. Factors that may influence the outcomes were also analyzed. Clinical features and outcomes of 148 patients with non-mucin-producing cholangiocellular carcinoma (non-MPCCC) were also summarized for comparison. Of 170 cases of CCC, 22 (12.9%) were MPCCC. Imaging studies were important in the differential diagnosis of CCC. Operative findings (e.g., gross appearance of the liver, mucobilia found by common bile duct exploration, choledochoscopic findings, and frozen section) were useful in the diagnosis of MPCCC. Surgical procedures included comm...Continue Reading


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