Jul 1, 1986

Clinical symptoms and biochemical properties of three new glucosephosphate isomerase variants

S W EberW Schröter


Glucosephosphate isomerase deficiency as the cause of macrocytic congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia is described in three unrelated families. The biochemical properties of the variant glucosephosphate isomerases indicate that the patients have new variants, designated as GPI Kiel, GPI Hamburg, and GPI Homburg. The severity of the clinical symptoms depended on the amount of residual GPI activity and the biochemical properties of the variant enzyme. Thus the patient with GPI Kiel (34% residual activity) whose variant GPI was slightly unstable showed a mild chronic hemolytic anemia. The patient with GPI Homburg (7% residual activity) whose variant enzyme was stable and had a reduced specific activity, suffered from severe congenital hemolytic anemia and neuromuscular symptoms. Due to the special properties of GPI Homburg, we assume that both the hematological and neuromuscular symptoms of the patient with GPI Homburg are caused by his GPI deficiency. The twins with GPI Hamburg (27% residual activity) had a distinctly unstable variant enzyme and had suffered from hemolytic crises since birth. Only GPI Homburg showed an altered electrophoretic mobility and an increased affinity for fructose-6-phosphate. The other two variant...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Inborn Errors of Metabolism
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol Deficiency
Chronic Hemolytic Anemia
Diseases in Twins

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