Nov 16, 2014

CNV instability associated with DNA replication dynamics: evidence for replicative mechanisms in CNV mutagenesis

Human Molecular Genetics
Lu ChenFeng Zhang

Abstract

Copy number variation (CNV) in the human genome is of vital importance to human health and evolution of our species. However, much of the molecular basis of CNV mutagenesis remains to be elucidated. Considering the DNA replication model of 'fork stalling and template switching' for CNV formation, we hypothesized that replication fork progression could be important for CNV mutagenesis. However, molecular assays of replication fork progression at the genome level are technically challenging. Instead, we conducted an estimation of DNA replication dynamics, as the statistic R, using the readily available data of replication timing. Small R-values can reflect 'slowed' replication, which could result from less fork initiation, reduced fork speed or fork barriers. We generated genome-wide profiles of R in the genomes of human, mouse and Drosophila. Intriguingly, the CNV breakpoints in all three genomes showed significantly biased distributions toward the genomic regions with small R-values, suggesting potential replication stress-induced CNV instability. Notably, among the human CNVs with distinct breakpoint junction characteristics, the homology-mediated and VNTR-mediated CNVs contribute the most to the correlation between CNV instab...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcinus elegans
Cyartonema elegans
Coleonyx elegans
Cestrum elegans
Clarkia unguiculata
Clathrulina elegans
Cardioglossa elegans
Cymbella elegans
Cyrenella elegans
Genome

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