PMID: 41351Jan 1, 1979

CO2-induced kidney calcification

Undersea Biomedical Research
K E SchaeferH Niemoeller

Abstract

Light microscopic examination of kidney tissue of guinea pigs exposed to 1.5% CO2, 21% O2, and balance N2 for periods as long as 42 days and of rats exposed to the same CO2 concentrations for up to 91 days showed that the incidence of focal kidney calcification increased with length of exposure. Calcification occurred primarily in the tubules of the renal cortex. Another group of guinea pigs were exposed to 1% CO2, 21% O2, and the balance N2 for periods up to six weeks and were later killed at regular intervals, together with control animals of the same litter. In the exposed animals, arterial PCO2 was elevated by 3-4 mmHg and hydrogen ions by about 4 nmol/liter. The standard bicarbonate level was lowered by 1-1.5 mmol, indicating a lack of renal reabsorption of bicarbonate (HCO3), which in turn placed greater stress on the bone buffer system and apparently caused bone calcium and phosphorus mobilization. Bone calcium and phosphorus levels exhibited a cyclic decrease, which resulted in cyclic hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, after one week and six weeks of exposure to 1% CO2. Kidney calcium content increased significantly after two weeks of exposure (27%) and remained at this elevated level during subsequent exposures betwe...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Fluctuation
Calcium [EPC]
Parathyroid Diseases
Calcium
Entire Cortex of Kidney
Cavia
Ionized calcium
Nephrocalcinosis
Calcium ion
Phosphate Measurement

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.