PMID: 41351Jan 1, 1979

CO2-induced kidney calcification

Undersea Biomedical Research
K E SchaeferH Niemoeller


Light microscopic examination of kidney tissue of guinea pigs exposed to 1.5% CO2, 21% O2, and balance N2 for periods as long as 42 days and of rats exposed to the same CO2 concentrations for up to 91 days showed that the incidence of focal kidney calcification increased with length of exposure. Calcification occurred primarily in the tubules of the renal cortex. Another group of guinea pigs were exposed to 1% CO2, 21% O2, and the balance N2 for periods up to six weeks and were later killed at regular intervals, together with control animals of the same litter. In the exposed animals, arterial PCO2 was elevated by 3-4 mmHg and hydrogen ions by about 4 nmol/liter. The standard bicarbonate level was lowered by 1-1.5 mmol, indicating a lack of renal reabsorption of bicarbonate (HCO3), which in turn placed greater stress on the bone buffer system and apparently caused bone calcium and phosphorus mobilization. Bone calcium and phosphorus levels exhibited a cyclic decrease, which resulted in cyclic hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, after one week and six weeks of exposure to 1% CO2. Kidney calcium content increased significantly after two weeks of exposure (27%) and remained at this elevated level during subsequent exposures betwe...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Calcium [EPC]
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Entire Cortex of Kidney
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