Aug 12, 2018

Coalescence and Linkage Disequilibrium in Facultatively Sexual Diploids

Matthew HartfieldAneil F Agrawal


Under neutrality, linkage disequilibrium results from physically linked sites having nonindependent coalescent histories. In obligately sexual organisms, meiotic recombination is the dominant force separating linked variants from one another, and thus in determining the decay of linkage disequilibrium with physical distance. In facultatively sexual diploid organisms that principally reproduce clonally, mechanisms of mitotic exchange are expected to become relatively more important in shaping linkage disequilibrium. Here we outline mathematical and computational models of a facultative-sex coalescent process that includes meiotic and mitotic recombination, via both crossovers and gene conversion, to determine how linkage disequilibrium is affected with facultative sex. We demonstrate that the degree to which linkage disequilibrium is broken down by meiotic recombination simply scales with the probability of sex if it is sufficiently high (much greater than [Formula: see text] for population size N). However, with very rare sex (occurring with frequency on the order of [Formula: see text]), mitotic gene conversion plays a particularly important and complicated role because it both breaks down associations between sites and remove...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Meiotic Cell Cycle
Overriding Toe
Phenotypic Sex
Genomic Stability

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