DOI: 10.1101/488676Dec 7, 2018Paper

Codon usage and amino acid identity are major determinants of mRNA stability in humans

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Megan E. ForrestOlivia S Rissland


mRNA degradation is a critical, yet poorly understood, aspect of gene expression. Previous studies demonstrate that codon content acts as a major determinant of mRNA stability in model organisms. In humans, the importance of open reading frame (ORF)-mediated regulation remains unclear. Here, we globally analyzed mRNA stability for both endogenous and human ORFeome collection mRNAs in human cells. Consistent with previous studies, we observed that synonymous codon usage impacts human mRNA decay. Unexpectedly, amino acid identity also acts as a driver of translation-dependent decay, meaning that primary protein sequence dictates overall mRNA levels and, consequently, protein abundance. Both codon usage and amino acid identity affect translational elongation rate to varying degrees in distinct organisms, with the net result being sensed by mRNA degradation machinery. In humans, interplay between ORF- and UTR-mediated control of mRNA stability may be critical to offset this fundamental relationship between protein sequence and mRNA abundance.

Related Concepts

Gene Expression
RNA, Messenger
Open Reading Frames
Protein Biosynthesis
Codon Genus
MRNA Degradation
MRNA Stabilization
Regulation of Biological Process

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