Oct 19, 1976

Coenzyme binding by triphosphopyridine nucleotide dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase from beef liver. Equilibrium and kinetics studies

Biochemistry
M F Carlier, D Pantaloni

Abstract

The binding of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase from beef liver cytoplasm was studied by several equilibrium techniques (ultracentrifugation, molecular sieving, ultrafiltration, fluorescence). Two binding sites (per dimeric enzyme molecule) were found with slightly different dissociation constants (0.5 and 0.12 muM) and fluorescence yields (7.7 and 6.3). A ternary complex was formed between enzyme, isocitrate, and NADPH, in which NADPH dissociation constant was 5 muM. On the contrary, no binding of NADPH to the enzyme took place in the presence of magnesium isocitrate. Dialysis experiments showed the existence of 1 NADP binding site/dimer, with a dissociation constant of 26 muM. When NADPH was present with the enzyme in the proportion of 1 molecule/dimer, the dissociation constant of NADP was decreased fourfold, reaching a value quantitatively comparable to the Michaelis constant. The kinetics of coenzyme binding was followed using the stopped-flow technique with fluorescence detection. NADPH binding to the enzyme occurred through one fast reaction (k1 = 20 muM-1 s-1). Dissociation of NADPH took place upon NADP bi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase-I
Ultrafiltration
NADP
Liver
Mathematics

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