Sep 25, 1976

Collagen cross-linking. Synthesis of collagen cross-links in vitro with highly purified lysyl oxidase

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R C Siegel


In this paper, the synthesis of collagen cross-links in vitro was investigated in a defined system consisting of highly purified chick cartilage lysyl oxidase and chick bone collagen fibrils. Cross-link synthesis in vitro was quite similar to the biosynthesis of collagen cross-links in vivo. Enzyme-dependent synthesis of cross-link intermediates and cross-linked collagen derived from lathyritic collagen occurred. The concentration of the two principal reducible cross-links, N6:6'-dehydro-5,5'-dihydroxylysinonorleucine and N6:6'-dehydro-5-hydroxylysinonorleucine, increased to a peak value of approximately two cross-links per molecule and then decreased. Synthesis of histidinohydroxymerodesmosine and a second polyfunctional cross-link of unknown structure began after synthesis of bifunctional cross-links was largely completed and proceeded linearly afterwards. Inhibition of lysyl oxidase after the bulk of bifunctional cross-link synthesis had occurred did not alter the rate of decrease in reducible cross-link concentration but did inhibit further histidinohydroxymerodesmosine synthesis. These results indicate that lysyl oxidase and collagen fibrils are the only macromolecules required for cross-link biosynthesis in vivo. It is li...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

LOX gene
Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase
Collagen Fibril
Biologic Development
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Chick Embryo
Metabolic Inhibition

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