Colletotrichum higginsianum extracellular LysM proteins play dual roles in appressorial function and suppression of chitin-triggered plant immunity

The New Phytologist
Hiroyuki TakaharaRichard O'Connell

Abstract

The genome of the hemibiotrophic anthracnose fungus, Colletotrichum higginsianum, encodes a large repertoire of candidate-secreted effectors containing LysM domains, but the role of such proteins in the pathogenicity of any Colletotrichum species is unknown. Here, we characterized the function of two effectors, ChELP1 and ChELP2, which are transcriptionally activated during the initial intracellular biotrophic phase of infection. Using immunocytochemistry, we found that ChELP2 is concentrated on the surface of bulbous biotrophic hyphae at the interface with living host cells but is absent from filamentous necrotrophic hyphae. We show that recombinant ChELP1 and ChELP2 bind chitin and chitin oligomers in vitro with high affinity and specificity and that both proteins suppress the chitin-triggered activation of two immune-related plant mitogen-activated protein kinases in the host Arabidopsis. Using RNAi-mediated gene silencing, we found that ChELP1 and ChELP2 are essential for fungal virulence and appressorium-mediated penetration of both Arabidopsis epidermal cells and cellophane membranes in vitro. The findings suggest a dual role for these LysM proteins as effectors for suppressing chitin-triggered immunity and as proteins re...Continue Reading

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Jun 24, 2020·PLoS Pathogens·Andrea Sánchez-ValletBart P H J Thomma
Jun 24, 2020·Molecular Plant Pathology·Michael MentgesAna Lilia Martinez-Rocha
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Jan 10, 2019·Plant Signaling & Behavior·Liping LiuChu Wu
Jun 20, 2018·The New Phytologist·Bilal ÖkmenGunther Doehlemann
Sep 16, 2020·Journal of Experimental Botany·Alan WankeAlga Zuccaro
Feb 4, 2021·Mycologia·Shigeyuki Tanaka, Regine Kahmann
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Apr 3, 2021·Molecular Plant Pathology·Hui TianBart P H J Thomma

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