Nov 8, 1993

Combined effects of diffusional hindrances, electrostatic repulsion and product inhibition on the kinetic properties of a bound acid phosphatase

FEBS Letters
I Thiébart-Fassy, J F Hervagault

Abstract

The kinetic properties of a soybean cell wall phosphatase were studied and compared under different environmental conditions. The native enzyme isolated from the wall exhibits classical Michaelis-Menten kinetics. When buried into the cell wall, its natural environment, the enzyme mimics an apparent negative cooperativity. This deviation from hyperbolic dependence of the activity vs. the substrate concentration may result from an heterogeneous distribution of the enzyme molecules between the surface and the inside of the wall, where an electrostatic partition effect takes place. Cell wall fragments compacted on a Millipore-type membrane allow the study of the dual effects of diffusional hindrances and electrostatic interactions on the global kinetic behavior. By increasing the ionic strength, partition effects can be suppressed and therefore diffusional effects alone can be taken into account. On the one hand, diffusion and partition act individually and synergetically to decrease the apparent global affinity of phosphatase with respect to glucose 6-phosphate. On the other hand, product inhibition by inorganic phosphate is subjected to dual effects from diffusion through accumulation and partition through repulsion. A simple dif...Continue Reading

  • References7
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Acid Phosphatase
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Glycine max
Soybean preparation
Phosphate Measurement
Cell Wall
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolase Activity
Soybean allergenic extract
Diffusion
Electrophysiology (Science)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.