Apr 1, 1989

Combined effects of hypoxia and elimination of glucose on resting and postextrasystolic potentiated contractions of papillary muscle of guinea pigs

Japanese Circulation Journal
J AsayamaM Nakagawa


We studied the combined effects of hypoxia and the absence of glucose on postextrasystolic potentiated and resting contractions in papillary muscle of guinea pigs. Postextrasystolic potentiations (PESPs) were evoked following trains of 40 externally applied continuous stimulations. During hypoxia resting (regular) contractions decreased to about 25% of baseline tension at 30 degrees C, whereas postextrasystolic potentiated contractions decreased to about 35% of baseline measurement of postextrasystolic potentiated contraction. In contrast, with reoxygenation, PESPs recovered quickly while resting contractions recovered gradually. Caffeine abolished the potentiation of post-extrasystolic contraction not only in normoxia but also in hypoxia. We speculate that calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is attributable to PESP for the most part, and that the trans-sarcolemmal calcium influx generally contributes to the steady-state tensions developed by continuous stimulations. In addition, it seems that PESP works in a ischemic heart to compensate for the decreased tension during hypoxia as a potentiation by a premature ventricular contraction. Trans-sarcolemmal calcium influx might be affected more easily than the SR ca...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Myocardial Contraction
DRUG Screen Quant Caffeine
Calcium [EPC]
Contraction (Finding)
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.