Combined efficacy of atrial septal lead placement and atrial pacing algorithms for prevention of paroxysmal atrial tachyarrhythmia
The combined role of atrial septal lead location and atrial pacing algorithms in the prevention of atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT/AF), including both atrial fibrillation and flutter, is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that atrial prevention pacing algorithms could decrease AT/AF frequency in patients with atrial septal leads, bradycardia, and paroxysmal AT/AF. A total of 298 patients (age 70 +/- 10 years; 61% male) from 35 centers were implanted with a DDDRP pacing system including three AT/AF prevention pacing algorithms. Lead site was randomized at implant to right atrial septal or nonseptal. Patients were randomized 1 month postimplant to AT/AF prevention ON or OFF for 3 months and then crossed over for 3 months. Patients logged symptomatic AT/AF episodes via a manual activator. Prevention efficacy was evaluated based on intention-to-treat in 277 patients (138 septal) with complete follow-up. No changes in device-recorded AT/AF frequency or burden were observed with algorithms OFF versus ON or between patients randomized to septal versus nonseptal lead location. Analysis of other secondary outcomes revealed that AT/AF prevention pacing resulted in decreased atrial premature contractions in both the septal (1.9 [0.2-8.7] vs 3....Continue Reading
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