DOI: 10.1101/512202Jan 4, 2019Paper

Combined Transcriptomics and Proteomics Forecast Analysis for Potential Genes Regulating the Columbian Plumage Color in Chickens

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
XINLEI WANGXiangtao Kang

Abstract

Abstract Background Coloration is one of the most recognizable characteristics in chickens, and clarifying the coloration mechanisms will help us understand feather color formation. “Yufen I” is an commercial egg-laying chicken breed in China, that was developed by a three-line cross using lines H, N and D. Columbian plumage is a typical feather character of the “Yufen I” H line. In order to understand the molecular mechanism underlying pigmentation of Columbian plumage, this study utilizes high-throughput sequencing technology to compare differences in transcriptomics and proteomics in different feather follicular tissue, including the dorsal neck with black and white striped feather follicles (Group A) and the ventral neck with white feather follicles (Group B) in the “Yufen I” H line. Results In this study, we identified a total of 21,306 genes and 5203 proteins in chicken feather follicles. Among these, 209 genes and 382 proteins were differentially expressed in two different locations, Group A and Group B, respectively. A total of 8 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 9 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were found to be involved in the melanogenesis pathway. Besides, a specifically expressed MED23 gene and a d...Continue Reading

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Breeding
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Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
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Genes
Genome
Melanins
Neck
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African American

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