PMID: 8832707May 1, 1996Paper

Combined use of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide (OCT) and 123I-vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the localization diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC)

Nuclear Medicine and Biology
A KurtaranI Virgolini


Although serum calcitonin and CEA are sensitive indicators for the presence of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), the localization of tumor sites may be very difficult. In an approach to localize MTC lesions we performed comparative in vivo studies in 12 patients with primary MTC and in 4 patients with suspected recurrent MTC using 123I-VIP (150 MBq/1 microgram) and 111In-DTPA-D-Phe-1-octreotide (111In-OCT; 150 MBq/1 microgram). Despite elevated calcitonin values in all patients with suspected recurrent or metastatic lesions, both ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) were unable to localize a tumor site. 111In-OCT localized the primary tumor in the thyroid gland in 7 of 11 patients (63.5%). In 2 of 4 patients (50%) with suspected recurrent MTC, pathological uptake of 111In-OCT in the mediastinum or liver was demonstrable. In none of the 11 patients did 123I-VIP-receptor scanning indicate primary, recurrent, or metastatic tumor lesions. In vitro binding studies showed an absence of high-affinity VIP receptors in MTC tissue, whereas high-affinity 111In-OCT receptors were present in 4 of 6, and low-affinity 123I-VIP as well as 111In-OCT receptors were present in 6 of 6 MTC tissue samples. We conclude that somatostatin receptor ...Continue Reading


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