Apr 8, 2020

Strongly coupled transmembrane mechanisms control MCU-mediated mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Horia VaisJ Kevin Foskett

Abstract

Ca2+ uptake by mitochondria regulates bioenergetics, apoptosis, and Ca2+ signaling. The primary pathway for mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake is the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU), a Ca2+-selective ion channel in the inner mitochondrial membrane. MCU-mediated Ca2+ uptake is driven by the sizable inner-membrane potential generated by the electron-transport chain. Despite the large thermodynamic driving force, mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake is tightly regulated to maintain low matrix [Ca2+] and prevent opening of the permeability transition pore and cell death, while meeting dynamic cellular energy demands. How this is accomplished is controversial. Here we define a regulatory mechanism of MCU-channel activity in which cytoplasmic Ca2+ regulation of intermembrane space-localized MICU1/2 is controlled by strongly-coupled Ca2+-regulatory mechanisms localized across the membrane in the mitochondrial matrix. Ca2+ that permeates through the channel pore regulates Ca2+ affinities of coupled inhibitory and activating sensors in the matrix. Ca2+ binding to the inhibitory sensor within the MCU amino-terminus closes the channel despite Ca2+ binding to MICU1/2. Conversely, disruption of the interaction of MICU1/2 with the MCU complex abolishes ma...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Bio-Informatics
Statistical Test
Gene Expression
Adaptation
Genomic DNA
High-Throughput RNA Sequencing
Fisher's Exact Test
Adipocytes, Brown
deoxy(thymidylyl-cytidylyl-guanylyl-adenylic acid)

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