May 1, 1977

Command neurons in the unconditioned reflex arc of the grape snail

Zhurnal vyssheĭ nervnoĭ deiatelnosti imeni I P Pavlova
P M Balaban, E G Litvinov

Abstract

Independent intracellular activation of any one of the five identified neurones elicits a behavioral act of pneumostome closing. Similar closing is evoked by adequate stimulation of different modalities. Comparison of unconditioned reflex properties and characteristics of responses of the studied cells leads to the conclusion that neurones under discussion are command elements for the unconditioned reflex. Command neurones respond to all sensory stimuli which can evoke reflex closing. There is a lot of synchronous EPSPs in their spontaneous activity, but no action potentials. A spike discharge of command neurones evoked by an adequate stimulus always precedes the effector movements but there is no action potentials during the pneumostome closing. Conclusion is made that the functional role of command neurones in the unconditioned reflex arc consists in evaluating the sensory input and in triggering motor programmes.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Grape extract
Reaction Time
Protoplasm
Neurons
Action Potentials
Helix (Snails)
Ganglia
Electrophysiology (Science)
Synaptic Membranes
Snails

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