Jul 31, 2013

COMMD1 modulates noxious inflammation in cystic fibrosis

The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Alix de BecdelièvrePascale Fanen

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which encodes an epithelial anion channel. Morbidity is mainly due to lung disease, which is characterized by chronic neutrophilic inflammation. Deregulation of inflammatory pathways is observed in the airways of CF patients, as evidenced by exaggerated NF-κB activity, causing an increase in the local release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-8. COMMD1, a pleiotropic protein, was recently shown to interact with CFTR and to promote CFTR cell surface expression. The effect of COMMD1 on the NF-κB pathway was assessed in CF and non-CF bronchial epithelial cells by knockdown and overexpression experiments. Results showed that (i) COMMD1 knockdown induced NF-κB-dependent transcription, (ii) COMMD1 overexpression inhibited NF-κB activity and was associated with a decrease in IL-8 transcript level and protein secretion. These data demonstrate the anti-inflammatory properties of COMMD1 in bronchial epithelial cells and open new therapeutic avenues in CF.

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Buffers
JUN gene
JUND gene
Biochemical Pathway
Bronchial System
RELA wt Allele
Transfection
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Lung

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