Nov 22, 2013

Repurposing the yeast peroxisome to compartmentalize a toxic enzyme enables improved (S)-reticuline production

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alexander DobinJohn E Dueber


Eukaryotic cells compartmentalize metabolic pathways in organelles to achieve optimal reaction conditions and avoid crosstalk with other factors in the cytosol. Increasingly, engineers are researching ways in which synthetic compartmentalization could be used to address challenges in metabolic engineering. Here, we identified that norcoclaurine synthase (NCS), the enzyme which catalyzes the first committed reaction in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) biosynthesis, is toxic when expressed cytosolically in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and, consequently, restricts (S)-reticuline production. We developed a compartmentalization strategy that alleviates NCS toxicity while promoting increased (S)-reticuline titer, achieved through efficient targeting of toxic NCS to the peroxisome while, crucially, taking advantage of the free flow of metabolite substrates and product across the peroxisome membrane. We identified that peroxisome protein capacity in S. cerevisiae becomes a limiting factor for further improvement of BIA production and demonstrate that expression of engineered transcription factors can mimic the oleate response for larger peroxisomes, further increasing BIA titer without the requirement for peroxisome induction with fatty a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chimera Organism
Gene Deletion
Vitamin D Deficiency
Gene Insertion
Gene Fusion

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