Nov 1, 2018

Common spatiotemporal processing of visual features shapes object representation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Paolo PapaleAndrea Leo

Abstract

Biological vision relies on representations of the physical world at different levels of complexity. Relevant features span from simple low-level properties, as contrast and spatial frequencies, to object-based attributes, as shape and category. However, how these features are integrated into coherent percepts is still debated. Moreover, these dimensions often share common biases: for instance, stimuli from the same category (e.g., tools) may have similar shapes. Here, using magnetoencephalography, we revealed the temporal dynamics of feature processing in human subjects attending to pictures of items pertaining to different semantic categories. By employing Relative Weights Analysis, we mitigated collinearity between model-based descriptions of stimuli and showed that low-level properties (contrast and spatial frequencies), shape (medial-axis) and category are represented within the same spatial locations early in time: 100-150ms after stimulus onset. This fast and overlapping processing may result from independent parallel computations, with categorical representation emerging later than the onset of low-level feature processing, yet before shape coding. Categorical information is represented both before and after shape also ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Spatial Distribution
Vision
Magnetoencephalography
Extracellular Matrix Organization
Axis
Analysis
Perception
Informational
Computed (Procedure)
Shapes

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