Common variation contributes to the genetic architecture of social communication traits

Molecular Autism
Beate St PourcainGeorge Davey Smith

Abstract

Social communication difficulties represent an autistic trait that is highly heritable and persistent during the course of development. However, little is known about the underlying genetic architecture of this phenotype. We performed a genome-wide association study on parent-reported social communication problems using items of the children's communication checklist (age 10 to 11 years) studying single and/or joint marker effects. Analyses were conducted in a large UK population-based birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and their Children, ALSPAC, N = 5,584) and followed-up within a sample of children with comparable measures from Western Australia (RAINE, N = 1364). Two of our seven independent top signals (P-discovery <1.0E-05) were replicated (0.009 <P-replication ≤0.02) within RAINE and suggested evidence for association at 6p22.1 (rs9257616, meta-P = 2.5E-07) and 14q22.1 (rs2352908, meta-P = 1.1E-06). The signal at 6p22.1 was identified within the olfactory receptor gene cluster within the broader major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region. The strongest candidate locus within this genomic area was TRIM27. This gene encodes an ubiquitin E3 ligase, which is an interaction partner of methyl-CpG-binding domai...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Genome-Wide Association Study
TRIM27 gene
Genome
Ubiquitin
MBD3 gene
6p22.1
Ubiquitin Activity
14q22
Genomics
Major Histocompatibility Complex

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